Outward Bound Ropes, Knots, and Hitches
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The Wedding Knot or Rose Lashing is one to join two rope-ends both having eyes. The lashing is passed successively through both eyes and then tied in the center. After several turns round the rope, the lashing- is crossed round the lever and fastened with a reef knot. These are hauled taut; and further secured by round turns over all after the ropes have been jambed together. The ends are fastened with a reef knot.
When a sufficient num- ber of turns are passed finish it off with a reef knot. Three or four loose turns are then made and the end passed under these backwards. These ends are worked down into their places and when they are hauled taut are cut off. When these are io6 completed the end is passed through the bight at A. The end B is then hauled upon to bring the bight and the end of the rope snug under the coils. There are now two loops interlacing at the center of the work and these cannot come undone.
When the ends are cut off close to the turns the whole is fair and smooth. The second end B is drawn through by a turn — a very use- ful method of securing a ligature or a fractured fish- ing rod. The Packing Knot is used for binding timbers to- gether. It is tightened by means of a packing-stick, C, which is twisted under the knot and then twisted round and secured as shown. A quicker plan is two toggles shown in the second diagram. After twisting the sticks round tie the two ends of the sticks together. An eye is made in another rope by any method and the toggle is slipped into it.
To un- fasten it the ropes are slackened. Another form of toggle is a round piece of wood shaped like a button. The center K in the second diagram is slipped over the masthead and the weight brought on the stays tightens it and holds it in its position on the mast.
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Keep the hitches together with the right hand and with the left take A and dip it under B and pull C through A and B. The ends H and Z may be either knotted or spliced. Racking Seizing is used where the strain is on only one part of the rope.
An eye splice is formed in one end of racking and the first turn is passed round both parts of the rope like a round seizing; it is then dipped no between both parts and the remaining turns are passed as racking turns, over and under, leaving sufficient space between each racking turn for a roundabout RACKING SEIZING Ill turn to lie, the usual number taken being thirteen.
After these are passed the end is dipped down inside the last turn and the roundabout turns are passed from the end towards the eye between the racking turns.
When the last roundabout turn is passed, the end is pased up between both parts of the shroud, ready for passing the cross turns, which are passed by taking the end along the seizing and passing it down between the seventh and sixth turns along the seizing, again to- wards the eye, up between the two parts of the shroud, as before, and again drawn between the seventh and sixth turns so as to form a clove hitch.
Then finish ofif with a crown and wall as in other seizings. To make the racking neater after passing the last roundabout turn, the end is taken outside all parts of the racking instead of between the six and seven turns, and clove formed at the same time. This can be done only by splicing, that is, putting the ends together by open- ing the strands and placing them into one another, or if equal diameter is not essential by putting strands of the end of a rope between those of a bight.
When ropes are knotted they cannot be run through a block. In driving ropes, too, knotting is out of the question.
It is calculated that a splice will weaken the strength of a rope about one-eighth. To make a short splice unlay the rope to the re- quired length which is twice the circumference of the rope for the long ends and one and a half times the circumference for the short ends. When this is done whip all the ends with yarn. The ends are then placed together as shown in the first diagram, the strands of one rope alternately between the strands of the other.
The two ropes are then jambed closely together. The end of one rope with the strands of the other rope are now held firmly in the left hand. Sometimes it is better to put a lashing round the strands to keep them down to the rope on which they lie. The long ends are tucked in twice and the short ends once. Pass the left hand over the first strand next to it and underneath the second strand. Haul it taut in the lay of the rope.
Then enter the right hand strand and lastly the middle strand in a similar manner to the first or left hand strand. Haul them taut along the lay of the rope. Put the long ends in again as before, cut the stop off the fork and put the short ends in once in a similar way.
Stretch the splice, whip the ends and cut them off.
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If it is intended to serve over the splice, put the strands in once and a half each way, take a few of the underneath yarns from each strand to fill up the ii4 lay of the rope for worming, scrape the ends and marl them down ready for serving. The Long Splice has many advantages over the short one. To make it unlay the ends of two ropes to the length of five and a half times the circumference of the rope. Crutch them together as for the short splice. Then turn the rope round and lay hold of the two next strands that will come opposite their respective lays. Unlay one filling up the vacant space, as before, with the other.
Take one-third out of each strand, knot the opposite strands together and heave them well in place. Stick all six ends once under one strand. Having stretched the splice well cut off the ends. H5 An Eye Splice is used by seafarers to splice round a block, deadeye or thimble and is formed by unlaying the end of a rope for a short distance and then laying three strands upon the standing part so as to form an eye. Put one end in the strand next to it in the same manner as for the short splice.
Taper them, divide the strands and put them in again. To finish off split the strands and take half of each, seizing them together, and cut the ends off. When serving is used the strands should be tapered off. A Chain Splice is used for splicing hemp tails into chain when required to travel through a block or fair- lead, such as earrings and outhauls for forecastle and n6 quarterdeck awnings.
To make a chain splice unlay strands rather more than for an eye splice, then unlay the strand, A, for a few inches. A Cut Splice is made by laying two ropes in the position indicated in the upper diagram. Leaving the ii7 ropes between A, A, to form an oblong loop, tuck the strands of one rope into the other as done in the eye splice.
Outward Bound Ropes Knots and Hitches by Buck Tilton | Boffins Books
Splices are often wormed, parcelled and served. It is rather difficult to force apart the twisted strands of ropes. For this purpose a marlinespike is used for large ropes.