Boundary Issues in Counseling: Multiple Roles and Responsibilities, Third Edition
Law and Singleton , on the treatment of an alcoholic liver, engage with the notion to demonstrate the complexity of the object such as designed in the STS field. They retain three approaches to the object seen as a region, a network or a fluid and suggest a fourth, fire, which addresses the discontinuity between the presence and absence of an object. In these areas, the use of the notion comes latterly, generally at least 10 years after its publication. Amongst the first authors in the field to give visibility to this notion, the works of Etienne Wenger on communities of practice and the article by Barley and Kunda which pleaded for the enrichment of organisation theory through detailed studies of work activities, are of note.
Subsequent works focused on:. Sometimes moving away from what the notion means from the implicit standardisation point of view, they have used it as a translation vehicle between heterogeneous worlds. In the end, the notion describes any interface mechanism between knowledge or actors. It seems to have lost its original analytical momentum, i.
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Looking at the scientific progression of the author after this founding article of , one quickly observes that the boundary object is more annexed to the initial, major issue of the role of infrastructures in communities of practices and in coordination between heterogeneous worlds. Particular interest is paid to information infrastructures, those through which individuals and groups manage knowledge: the historical construction of taxonomies and classifications in sciences or in leading public organisations World Health Organisation , the production of position profiles in work activities nurse , the impact of information systems on organisations, the production of categorisations race, disease and new knowledge management tools NICTs , are some of the major works of the research programme that Susan L.
Star is pursuing, with Geoffroy Bowker in particular. From the analysis of scientific exchanges to that of innovation in information systems via and study of the compilation of a database within major public organisations WHO , the ethnography of infrastructures builds on past elements the construction, stabilisation or on the contrary, disappearance of categorisation modes , and combines with a detailed interpretation of the way in which classifications then perform courses of action in an invisible manner. The perspective is similar to the pragmatic sociology of coordinated action, putting this essential mechanism which constitutes classification at its heart: personal classification of the researcher or of the PC familiarity regime , to the categorisations and classifications which are shared by communities of practices or their intersection, without excluding the political and ethical dimension of infrastructures.
In the grammar of coordination within the universes of action and distributed knowledge, infrastructures, standards, classifications and boundary objects appear in their relational properties, operating both as mediators in the production of knowledge and as vectors of translation in the organisation of heterogeneous worlds.
Boundary Issues in Counseling: Multiple Roles and Responsibilities, 3rd Edition
Beyond the identification of coordination mechanisms classification, standards, norms , the idea is to document the way in which they are engaged, manipulated, negotiated and activated, whilst taking into account coordination constraints which are not necessarily dissociated from them. It is then through irregularities, excesses, tensions faced with the challenges that the researcher is able to track them down. The shared horizon here is dedicated to the production of scientific expertise based on environmental management issues, which echoes the renewal of the challenges which scientific activity faces today in its involvement in the management of controversies Callon, Lascoumes, Barthes, By following the different scientific knowledge production sequences step-by-step, the authors observe in detail the way in which certain common objects are manipulated at the intersection of the worlds.
In place of birds and other natural species which contribute to the collection of natural science information Star and Griesemer, , here we are working with the wolf or rather the hairs and other natural fragments gathered as evidence of its presence in the Mercantour Mountains. From collection to genetic identification via probabilistic estimation, they describe first of all the different actors involved in the expert science unit working on nature management.
They then take us through the reconstruction of the evidence-processing chain hairs, excrement, etc. Analysis shows how, through these associations to heterogeneous scientific domains, the presence index of the wolf has new qualities translated through codes and indicators attached to it. These successive re-qualifications of the object characterise one of the central properties of the boundary objects i. Vinck From the intermediary object to the boundary object. What is of interest to D. Vinck and his colleagues is more the reconstitution of processes through which the progressive stabilisation of facts in design or in science are constructed; hence the advantage of not distinguishing objects which circulate inside worlds from those found at the intersection, nor through registrations which have an ephemeral or incomplete status rough , around which heterogeneous knowledge will be articulated.
This conceptual clarification clearly shows that it is around the incorporation or association with conventional supports that the conceptual meaning of the boundary object is constructed. Vinck then suggests that the equipment work could be the key allowing us to understand what is common to the intermediary objects and boundary objects of Star and Griesemer. By then exploring an avenue already well trodden by numerous works on the sociology of innovation and the sociology of sciences, the analysis sheds particularly original light on the subject.
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First of all, it suggests a symmetrical treatment by the sociologists, through the reflective demonstration of their own translation and conformation activities affecting scientific arguments working towards a common project. Construction, non -utilisation and database policy.
With a historical leap forward of a century and a geographical one of several thousand kilometres, we find scientists and amateurs working in a distributed manner on the setting up of a database. We can but enthuse for the fertile nature of this revisited terrain, an enterprise which is far too rare in human sciences.
The description depicts innumerable micro-negotiations which milestone the setting up of a database. Certain alignment constraints immediately look like infrastructure conflicts as described by Star and Bowker: they concern IT systems in particular, which require more distribution, devolution, and personalisation to be maintained as conventional supports to coordination. However, the author also identifies other points of discord or tension: the political and sociological dimension of ownership around this collective possession which is knowledge, or indeed the invisible work of the amateur and the problem of his or her compensation.
It shows the benefit of notions of objects and intermediary concepts used to clarify collective environmental action. In particular, it is situated in relation to the diversity of concepts forged in the social sciences to address objects in actions. Uses of the notion 14 Since that time, the notion of boundary objects has enjoyed a vigorous academic career.
The management of knowledge at the boundary would thereby entail three types of activity: 19 Some works, and in particular those concerning design, developed from the s onwards in the field of work situation analysis and design.
Subsequent works focused on: 24 The notion of boundary object is also revisited in areas such as teaching Cobb et al , ; Anagnostopoulos et al , , concerning the discrepancy between learning and teaching at University and teaching practices in front of students; Kazemi and Hubbard, , on the role of artefacts in the learning of mathematics and learning in relationships Ribeiro, , on the work of an interpreter Japanese to Portuguese in the industrial field; Handley et al , , on learning in a relationship between customer and consultant.
Notes  Translated by Neil Draper. A micro-sociology tradition which rejects both sociological and biological determinism and privileges explanation on the basis of dynamic interactions which are observable between individuals. It underlines the fact that the sense of phenomena results from interpretations made by actors in context.
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These interpretations are to do with interpretive frameworks which move away from interactions between actors verbal and non-verbal symbolic interactions. They develop through the relationship between social interactions which move away from the primary activity and the definition of pattern and reality. The notion derives from the symbolic interactionism tradition. Parks was already suggesting the role of transport and communications infrastructures as a factor of organisation Chapoulie, Introduction The original Star and Griesemer article and its context Uses of the notion The conceptual infrastructure of the boundary objet The content of this Issue.
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